October 18, 2023

Healthcare & STEM Dominate Express Entry Jobs in Canada.

In a groundbreaking move to align with Canada's economic goals and address labor market demands, Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) recently introduced new selection categories for Express Entry candidates. These categories focus on specific occupations or work experience in high-demand fields. Among the six new categories—Healthcare, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM), Trade, Transport, Agriculture and Agri-Food, and French-language proficiency—Healthcare and STEM stand out as the primary drivers, comprising a significant number of eligible occupations. In this comprehensive blog, we explore the significance of Healthcare and STEM occupations and shed light on the extensive range of professions within each category.


Healthcare Occupations: Meeting the Aging Population's Needs:

Canada's population is rapidly aging, while the birth rate remains low compared to global standards. By 2030, approximately nine million Canadians will reach the age of 65. This demographic shift creates a pressing demand for healthcare services and a shortage of skilled professionals to address this growing need. In response, IRCC has prioritized healthcare occupations in their category-based selection draws, aiming to alleviate strain on the healthcare system.

Statistics Canada reports a staggering 144,500 vacant positions within the healthcare and social assistance sector as of March 2023, accounting for 17.7% of all unfilled positions. The new selection draws focus on an extensive range of healthcare occupations, including audiologists, dentists, nurses, physiotherapists, psychologists, and more. By attracting skilled healthcare workers, Canada aims to strengthen its healthcare system and ensure quality care for its citizens.

The following is a comprehensive list of eligible healthcare occupations for Express Entry category-based selection draws:

  1.  Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
  2.  Chiropractors
  3.  Dentists
  4.  Dieticians and nutritionists
  5.  Education counsellors
  6.  General practitioners and family physicians
  7.  Instructors of persons with disabilities
  8.  Kinesiologists and other professionals in therapy and assessment
  9.  Licensed practical nurses
  10.  Massage therapists
  11.  Medical laboratory assistants and related technical occupations
  12.  Medical laboratory technologists
  13.  Medical radiation technologists
  14.  Medical sonographers
  15.  Nurse aides, orderlies, and patient service associates
  16.  Nurse practitioners
  17.  Nursing coordinators and supervisors
  18.  Occupational therapists
  19.  Optometrists
  20.  Other assisting occupations in support of health services
  21.  Other practitioners of natural healing
  22.  Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating
  23.  Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
  24.  Paramedical occupations
  25.  Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants
  26.  Physician assistants, midwives, and allied health professionals
  27.  Physiotherapists
  28.  Psychologists
  29.  Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
  30.  Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists, and cardiopulmonary technologists
  31.  Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine
  32.  Specialists in surgery
  33.  Therapists in counseling and related specialized therapies
  34.  Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners and acupuncturists
  35. Veterinarians


STEM Occupations: Fueling Canada's Innovation Hub:

In addition to healthcare, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) occupations play a crucial role in driving Canada's innovation and economic growth. Canada has emerged as a global hub for AI (artificial intelligence), with 1,032 AI and machine learning companies. Notably, the Information, Communications, and Technology industry generated an estimated $242 billion in revenues in 2021.

However, the rapid pace of technological advancements and the high retirement rate have created a skills gap within Canada's labor force. Employers are increasingly hiring less-qualified candidates, hindering business growth. To address this gap, IRCC has included 23 eligible STEM occupations in the category-based selection draws, attracting skilled professionals to contribute to Canada's thriving technology landscape.

Here is a comprehensive list of eligible STEM occupations for Express Entry category-based selection draws:

  1.  Architects
  2.  Architecture and science managers
  3.  Business systems specialists
  4.  Civil engineers
  5.  Computer and information systems managers
  6.  Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)
  7.  Computer systems developers and programmers
  8.  Cybersecurity specialists
  9.  Data scientists
  10.  Database analysts and data administrators
  11.  Electrical and electronics engineers
  12.  Engineering managers
  13.  Industrial and manufacturing engineers
  14.  Information systems specialists
  15.  Land surveyors
  16.  Landscape architects
  17.  Mathematicians, statisticians, and actuaries
  18.  Metallurgical and materials engineers
  19.  Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants, and program officers
  20.  Software developers and programmers
  21.  Software engineers and designers
  22.  Urban and land use planners
  23.  Web designers
  24.  Web developers and programmers


Eligibility for the New Categories:

While having the required work experience is crucial for Express Entry eligibility, candidates must also meet the criteria of the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program, or the Canadian Experience Class. Each program has specific requirements related to work experience, education, and language proficiency. Candidates must have at least six months of continuous work experience in an eligible occupation within the past three years, either in Canada or abroad.

IRCC will continue to rank candidates using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), with higher-scoring individuals having a greater chance of receiving an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence.


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